legal scholar academy

distribution of knowledge is a scholarly obligation


December 2015

As Muslim Women who wear hijab, we want to inform you, “You are not our voice”

By Dr. Maria Walton 

with Dr. UmEman, Ms. Kauther, Ms. Atiqa, Mrs. Nouraline AltaDouka, Ms. Samah Elzahdan Abed, Ms Nesrine, Sheena Ali, Ms. A Siddique

hijabIn response to the subversive article from Nomani and Arafa in December 2015 Washington Post, requesting non-Muslim women to ‘not wear hijab as a sign of solidarity with Muslim women in America,’ we (Muslim women who do wear hijab) want to tell you clearly, “You do not speak for us.”

Muslim women in America, who wear hijab, have been the constant targets of discrimination, verbal abuse, as well as physical bullets in public places.  We have been threatened with anonymous letters promising violent attacks against us and our children because of the hijab and have been the targets of perpetual slander launched from public pulpits and inflamed by some media outlets.  The non-Muslim women, who have shown solidarity in protecting our right to place our scarves in a slightly different position than the current fashion trend for mainstream Americans, have our utmost respect and gratitude in an atmosphere that is choking from the fumes of xenophobia.  Quite frankly, these women are a breath of fresh air for us and allow us to have hope in the America we were born in and continue to believe in, despite the harsh political rhetoric that has focused, once again, on Muslim women’s clothing choices.

Women and children are dying on a daily basis, facilitated by unsolicited wars, “surgical strikes” on schools, markets, and social events, and general apathy toward human life in many parts of the world.  Women and children, from lack of food and shelter, are struggling to survive in our very own America.  Guns are quickly becoming the nation’s response to any “suspicious looking individuals” (“Do they look Muslim?”) thanks to the paranoia imbued by the media and given power by the politicians who speak from pompous pulpits of ignorance.

We, the Muslim women of America who wear hijab, refute your obnoxious and outrageous claims that “wearing hijab is an ideology of political Islam”.  This defamatory statement places the majority of Muslim women in an “extremist box” with references to the Taliban and the Islamic State (DAESH) and is simply a sensational fabrication that deliberately creates conflict and division between Muslims who wear hijab and non-Muslims who speak from an immature and dangerous opinion of “us” and “them” mentality.  We ask you to stop and consider becoming part of the solution, to work toward peace and understanding, and to stop promoting faux divisions created out of fear and misunderstanding.

In the United States, gender parity in politics, health, law, research, science and engineering is shamefully substandard and wildly deficient in such a late year as 2015.   One in four (1/4) women are victims of intimate partner violence and women around the nation are not secure from rape, sexual harassment, and other attacks on the female body, even on our university campuses.  In a country fighting for women to have power over their own decisions, we reject the view that women’s clothing choice (including the position and placement of a scarf) be regarded as a mere political proclamation.

There are those who speak loudly from a sense of entitlement, within and outside the Muslim community, from a peripheral perspective and with methods of self-righteous declarations proclaiming “the need for forced assimilation of Muslims into a more secular mindset”, breeding a “new generation” of “reformed Muslims” in America.  A new generation where the “Nomani Talibani” comes to “Reform Muslim Women” by pulling off the hijabs and niqabs from women who roam the street and beat the women who wear hijab with a large verbal pseudo-feminist stick in front of the public to “reform” or be “shamed” and called “extremist”.  The “Hirsi Ali’s” who ride into town shouting, ironically, “Infidel!” to those who don beards or wear abayas as a choice of clothing do more harm to our nation’s peacemaking process  and provide a subtle layer of protection for those who are salivating at the thought of regenerating another form of the Salem Witch Trials on the Muslim American population.

While we understand and fully respect the right of the Muslim women who choose not to wear hijab as part of their faith, we request that you do not harass us and spread false information about hijab with your opinion.  You are not our spokesperson and you are doing more harm to Muslim women who wear hijab and provide a sense of entitlement to discriminate against us by non-Muslims in the work place, schools, political realm and other public venues.  While we agree with you regarding the cultural violations on women in some Muslim countries and we loudly proclaim these to be non-Islamic, we question the appearance of your own similar extreme position on Muslim women living in a country like the United States of America.  It is our understanding, as American citizens, we all are free to choose our religion and have control over our own decisions, including the choice of our clothing and placement of our scarves.

* For those unfamiliar with the definition of the Arabic word, khimar, it is one of nine well understood words describing “head covering” in the Quran.  Although the word “hijab” is a popular the word “khimar” means “head covering” and is found in the Qur'an(24:31) to instruct the women of faith, similar to texts and practices found in Judaism and early Christianity.


First Impressions

By Mehwish Raja, Rotterdam

When we think about no words needed it could be expressing yourself without words or it could be what other people think about you when you walk into a room for example.

First impressions are mostly without words. The first impression someone gets about you is over 80% of how that person thinks about you. You might think that first impressions aren’t that important but…………………………………………………………

Imagine you’re at a football game and a guy is sitting next to you, he bumps into you every minute, looks very weird at you and he spills his drink on you. Days later you’re walking in the park when suddenly it starts to rain, the same guy that was sitting next to you during the football game offers you a umbrella. Do you change your mind on him because of his second action or do you go with your first impression and write him off?

Research in social psychology suggests that we’re quick to form lasting impressions of others based on their behaviours. We manage to do this with little effort concluding stable character traits from a single behaviour, like a harsh word or a clumsy step. Using our impressions as guides, we can predict how people are going to behave in the future.

Having the knowledge of the guy from the football game was a jerk the first time you met him, you might expect more of the same in the future. So you might choose to avoid him the next time you see him.

Behavioural researches have identified patterns that seem to guide this process of impression updating. On one hand, learning very negative information about someone has a stronger impact than learning very positive information. So the guy that you met at the football game, his bad behaviour at the game might have a bigger impact on your opinion about him than his good behaviour at the park.

In the situation with the football fan turned good, your brain says “Well in my experience, pretty much everyone would lend someone their umbrella. But the way this guy acted at the football game, that was unusual.” And so, you decide to go with your first impression.

There’s a good moral in this data: Your brain and or you might care more about the very negative things another person has done compared to the very positive things. So this means that first impressions might be much more important than you might think.


Blog at

Up ↑